014 Parallels

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This page forms part of the resources for 014 Ear Eye Mind in the Jesus Database project of FaithFutures Foundation

Crossan Inventory | 014 Literature | 014 Parallels | 014 Commentary | 014 Poetry | 014 Images | 014 Synopsis


Isaiah 64:4

From ages past no-one has heard, no ear has perceived,
no eye has seen any God besides you, who works for those who wait for him.

Psalm of Solomon 17:44

Blessed is he who may live in those days and see the salvation of Israel in the union of the [twelve] tribes, as it is brought about by God.

1 Enoch 58:2ff

And on that day the holy Michael answered Raphael, saying, The power of the spirit seizes me and makes me tremble because of the harshness of the judgment of the secrets, the judgment of the angels. Who can endure the harshness of the judgment which has been executed, and before which they melt with fear? And the holy Michael answered Raphael again, and said to him, Who would not soften his heart over it and whose mind would not be disturbed by this word? Judgment has gone out against them, upon those whom they have led out like this. AOT


John Dominic Crossan

Crossan notes that this is one of several complexes that extend the general theme of the Kingdom as an open secret but is most likely not derived from the historical Jesus. Following the proposals of William Stroker (The Formation of Secondary Sayings of Jesus. Ann Arbor, MI; University Microfilms International,1970. Pages 278-79) and Helmut Koester ("Gnostic Writings as Witnesses for the Development of the Sayings Tradition" in The Rediscovery of Gnosticism. Supplements to Numen XLI/1. Leiden: Brill, 1980. Pages 249-50), Crossan accepts that this saying represents an esoteric Jewish tradition that was attributed to Jesus in various Christian circles. [Historical Jesus, 349f]

Jesus Seminar

  • 1 Cor 2:9
  • DialSav 57:1
  • DialSav 57:1
  • Luke 10:23b-24
  • Matt 13:16-17
  • Thom 17

Gerd Luedemann

Luedemann [Jesus, 331] sugegsts that "the Q saying is probably authentic, since in it Jesus is addressing a beautitude to his disciples and hearerers without a community situation being visible. The beautitude is uttered on the presupposition that with the appearance of Jesus the time of salvation has dawned." Luedemann notes similar ideas in PssSol and 1 Enoch.

John P.Meier

Meier [Marginal Jew] (II,434-439) accepts that the "Beatitude on Eyewitnesses" is authentic, partly on the basis of two other Q traditions he had already judged to be authentic: the Beatitudes (Luke 6:20-23) and the Reply to John (Matt 11:2-6). he also notes the immediate eschatology, the indirect reference to Jesus and the instrinsic focus on those privileged to be eyewitnesses to the events of salvation. Meier concludes, "it seems on the whole more likely that Luke 10:23-24 is a saying of the historical Jesus rather than a creation of the church."