048 Blessed the Persecuted

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This page forms part of the resources for 048 Blessed the Persecuted in the Jesus Database project of FaithFutures Foundation

Crossan Inventory | 048 Literature | 048 Parallels | 048 Commentary | 048 Poetry | 048 Images

Data

(1a) Thom 68
(1b) Thom 69:1
(2a) Luke 6:22-23 = Matt 5:11-12
(2b) Matt 5:10
(2c) PolPhil 2:3f
(3a) 1Pet 3:14a
(3b) 1Pet 4:14

Crossan analysis:

Item: 48
Stratum: I (30-60 CE)
Attestation: Triple
Historicity: +
Common Sayings Tradition: Yes



Texts

(1) Thomas

(1a) Thom 68

Jesus said, "Congratulations to you when you are hated and persecuted; 2 and no place will be found, wherever you have been persecuted." [Complete Gospels]

No copies of this portion of Thomas survive in Greek. For the Coptic version see [Early Christian Writings]



(1b) Thom 69:1

Jesus said, "Congratulations to those who have been persecuted in their hearts: they are the ones who have truly come to know the Father. 2 Congratulations to those who go hungry, so the stomach of the one in want may be filled." [Complete Gospels]

No copies of this portion of Thomas survive in Greek. For the Coptic version see [Early Christian Writings]



(2) Sayings Gospel Q

(2a) Luke 6:22-23

"Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude you, revile you, and defame you on account of the Son of Man. 23 Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, for surely your reward is great in heaven; for that is what their ancestors did to the prophets."

μακάριοί ἐστε ὅταν μισήσωσιν ὑμᾶς οἱ ἄνθρωποι καὶ ὅταν ἀφορίσωσιν ὑμᾶς καὶ ὀνειδίσωσιν καὶ ἐκβάλωσιν τὸ ὄνομα ὑμῶν ὡς πονηρὸν ἕνεκα τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου·

χάρητε ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ καὶ σκιρτήσατε, ἰδοὺ γὰρ ὁ μισθὸς ὑμῶν πολὺς ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ· κατὰ τὰ αὐτὰ γὰρ ἐποίουν τοῖς προφήταις οἱ πατέρες αὐτῶν. (Luke 6:22–23 GNT-T)


= Matt 5:11-12

"Blessed are you when people revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. 12 Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you."


(2b) Matt 5:10

"Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven."

μακάριοί ἐστε ὅταν ὀνειδίσωσιν ὑμᾶς καὶ διώξωσιν καὶ εἴπωσιν πᾶν πονηρὸν καθ᾿ ὑμῶν [ψευδόμενοι] ἕνεκεν ἐμοῦ. χαίρετε καὶ ἀγαλλιᾶσθε, ὅτι ὁ μισθὸς ὑμῶν πολὺς ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς· οὕτως γὰρ ἐδίωξαν τοὺς προφήτας τοὺς πρὸ ὑμῶν. (Matthew 5:11–12 GNT-T)


(2c) PolPhil 2:3f

"Wherefore, girding up your loins," "serve the Lord in fear" and truth, as those who have forsaken the vain, empty talk and error of the multitude, and "believed in Him who raised up our Lord Jesus Christ from the dead, and gave Him glory," and a throne at His right hand. To Him all things" in heaven and on earth are subject. Him every spirit serves. He comes as the Judge of the living and the dead. His blood will God require of those who do not believe in Him. But He who raised Him up from the dead will raise up us also, if we do His will, and walk in His commandments, and love what He loved, keeping ourselves from all unrighteousness, covetousness, love of money, evil speaking, false witness; "not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing," or blow for blow, or cursing for cursing, but being mindful of what the Lord said in His teaching: "Judge not, that ye be not judged; forgive, and it shall be forgiven unto you; be merciful, that ye may obtain mercy; with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again; and once more, "Blessed are the poor, and those that are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of God." [ANF]


Original language text not currently available


(3) 1 Peter

(3a) 1Pet 3:14a

"But even if you do suffer for what is right, you are blessed."

ἀλλ᾿ εἰ καὶ πάσχοιτε διὰ δικαιοσύνην, μακάριοι. τὸν δὲ φόβον αὐτῶν μὴ φοβηθῆτε μηδὲ ταραχθῆτε, (1 Peter 3:14 GNT-T)



(3b) 1Pet 4:14

"If you are reviled for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the spirit of glory, which is the Spirit of God, is resting on you."

εἰ ὀνειδίζεσθε ἐν ὀνόματι Χριστοῦ, μακάριοι, ὅτι τὸ τῆς δόξης καὶ τὸ τοῦ θεοῦ πνεῦμα ἐφ᾿ ὑμᾶς ἀναπαύεται. (1 Peter 4:14 GNT-T)