168 Kingdom and Violence

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This page forms part of the resources for 168 Kingdom and Violence in the Jesus Database project of FaithFutures Foundation

Crossan Inventory | 168 Literature | 168 Parallels | 168 Commentary | 168 Poetry | 168 Images


(1a) 1Q or ?2Q: Luke 16:16 = Matt 11:12-14
(1b) GNaz 8

Crossan analysis:

Item: 168
Stratum: I (30-60 CE)
Attestation: Single
Historicity: +


(1a) 1Q or ?2Q: Luke 16:16

The law and the prophets were in effect until John came; since then the good news of the kingdom of God is proclaimed, and everyone tries to enter it by force.

“Ὁ νόμος καὶ οἱ προφῆται μέχρι Ἰωάννου· ἀπὸ τότε ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ εὐαγγελίζεται καὶ πᾶς εἰς αὐτὴν βιάζεται.” (Luke 16:16 GNT-T)

= Matt 11:12-14

From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and the violent take it by force. 13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John came; 14 and if you are willing to accept it, he is Elijah who is to come.

“ἀπὸ δὲ τῶν ἡμερῶν Ἰωάννου τοῦ βαπτιστοῦ ἕως ἄρτι ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν βιάζεται καὶ βιασταὶ ἁρπάζουσιν αὐτήν. πάντες γὰρ οἱ προφῆται καὶ ὁ νόμος ἕως Ἰωάννου ἐπροφήτευσαν· καὶ εἰ θέλετε δέξασθαι, αὐτός ἐστιν Ἠλίας ὁ μέλλων ἔρχεσθαι.” (Matthew 11:12–14 GNT-T)

(1b) GNaz 8

The Jewish Gospel has (the kingdom of heaven) is plundered. (Variant to Matthew 11:12 in the "Zion Gospel" edition) [Sayings Parallels]